Haiti (pronounced /ˈheɪtiː/; French Haïti, pronounced: [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti(République d’Haïti ; Repiblik Ayiti) is a Caribbean country. Along with the Dominican Republic, it occupies the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago. Ayiti (land of high mountains) was the indigenousTaíno or Amerindian name for the mountainous western side of the island. The country’s highest point is Pic la Selle, at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft). The total area of Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres (10,714 sq mi) and its capital isPort-au-Prince. Haitian Creole and French are the official languages.
Haiti’s regional, historical and ethnolinguistic position is unique for several reasons. It was the first independent nation in Latin America, the first post-colonial independent black-led nation in the world, and the only nation whose independence was gained as part of a successful slave rebellion. Despite having common cultural links with its Hispano-Caribbean neighbors, Haiti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas. It is one of only two independent nations in the Western Hemisphere (along with Canada) that designate French as an official language; the other French-speaking areas are all overseas départements, orcollectivités, of France.
On January 12, 2010, a 7.0-magnitude earthquake struck Haiti, with its epicenter 16 miles west of the capital and largest city, Port-au-Prince, which was devastated. Approximately two-hundred thousand people were killed, although it will take time to determine the exact number of dead; the Presidential palace, Parliament and many other important structures were destroyed, along with countless homes, businesses, hospitals, schools and shantytowns.
Haiti: How You Can Help
A special two-hour Larry King on how you can help Haiti. A powerhouse of celebrities, leaders, and activists join us …to show you how to take action and be a part of the global outreach!
With Mick Jagger, Ben Stiller, Ringo Starr, Colin Powell, John Mayer, Seal, Ryan Seacrest, Benicio Del Toro, Tea Leoni, Scarlett Johansson, Christian Slater, Ashley Judd, Sarah Ferguson, Russell Simmons, Sean Combs, Alyssa Milano, Kobe Bryant, Danny Glover, David Spade, Susan Sarandon, Nicole Richie and more!
Tonight, starting at 8pmET!
HOW YOU CAN HELP:
• RED CROSS
• UNITED NATIONS CENTRAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE FUND
• SAVE THE CHILDREN
• INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL CORPS
• CLINTON BUSH HAITI FUND
• MERCY CORPS
• WORLD VISION
• AMERICAN JEWISH WORLD SERVICE
• CATHOLIC RELIEF SERVICES
• GOD’S LITTLE ANGELS
• STATE DEPT VICTIMS FAMILY HOTLINE
• To help with relief efforts, text “HAITI” to “90999” and $10 will be given automatically to the Red Cross, charged to your cell phone bill.